PPCC: Verbatim vs Cleaned Up Dialogue
With scripted production such as television or film, any spoken dialogue or sounds are captured and recorded in the closed captions. As they are scripted and filmed and edited, it can be assumed that any verbal pauses are intentional and part of the program, and as such, are included to create a complete textual representation of what’s happening on screen.
"But, sometimes, you know, Talking Type Captions creates closed captioning for, like, a conference, or a speech, or, you know, um, a live seminar, and those aren’t, ah, scripted as tightly as how– you know, as something you may see on television, but as you can see, like, these verbal you knows, and uhs, and likes can really, you know, make a script unreadable!"
So, when we produce a script for you for an unscripted event, we’ll need to know whether you’d like a verbatim transcription (like the above paragraph), of if you’d prefer something along these lines:
“But, sometimes Talking Type Captions creates closed captioning for a conference, or a speech, or a live seminar, and those aren’t scripted as tightly as something you may see on television. But, as you can see these verbal you knows, and uhs, and likes can really make a script unreadable!”
PPCC: Truncated Dialogue
Depending on the intended audience, sometimes captions need to be condensed in order to give the viewer enough time to process the words on the screen.
For example, in programming for children, captions should not appear at a rate any faster than 150-160 words per minute. Adult reading speeds can go up to 235 words per minute.
In order to accomplish this, you can request that one of our experienced editors go through the dialogue and truncate captions while maintaining the same meaning.
“Really and truly, the very best thing about Talking Type is they really try to get to the point as quickly as they possibly can.”
“Truly, Talking Type Captions’ greatest strength is their concision.”
PPCC: Time Codes Demystified
What is a time code?
A time code is an expression of an exact moment in a video, measured down to the frame. It is expressed as hours:minutes:seconds:frames. (Example: one hour, five minutes, thirty seconds, and 10 frames would be 01:05:30:10)
What is a frame?
A frame is a single image in a motion picture, that when played together quickly, makes a moving picture.
What is frame rate?
Frame rate is the number of still images that occur per second. Different types of video use different frame rates. For example, NTSC video is counted at 29.97 frames per second (also known as drop frame) while PAL video is counted at 25 frames per second, and still other video uses 23.98 frames per second.
What does drop frame mean?
Since time codes can only be expressed in whole numbers, the time code counter will drop a frame periodically (not in the video itself, just in the counter), to make sure that the video does not proceed ahead of the time code.
What does this mean for captioning?
It is essential that your video and your caption file have the same frame rate. If you are watching a video with captions, and the captions seem to gradually get more and more off-sync with the video, you are dealing with a frame rate issue.
If all of this is Greek to you — don’t worry! Our staff is well-versed in frame rates and how to deal with them.